Melissa Gaboriau Auf der Maur (/ˌɔːf dər ˈmaʊər/; born March 17, 1972) is a Canadian musician, singer-songwriter, photographer and actress. Born and raised in Montréal, Québec, Auf der Maur began performing in 1993 after forming the indie rock band Tinker while she was a student at Concordia University. She was recruited as the bassist for the American alternative rock band Hole in the summer of 1994 and is featured on several Hole releases, including the band's third studio album Celebrity Skin (1998). Following her departure from Hole in 1999, Auf der Maur briefly joined The Smashing Pumpkins as a touring member for its 2000 tour and began her solo career; her debut studio album, Auf der Maur, was released in 2004 on Capitol Records and her second studio album, Out of Our Minds, was released in 2010 on her own independent record label, PHI–MAdM Music Inc. Best known for her music career, Auf der Maur is also an established photographer and occasional actress. Her photographs have been featured in National Geographic and exhibited at Sotheby's. As an actress, she has appeared in How to Make the Cruelest Month (1998), Beyond Borders (2003) and Collaborator (2011) amongst other films. As part of her 2009 multidisciplinary project Out of Our Minds—which featured an album, a single, a film and a comic book—Auf der Maur acted as a film and record producer, working alongside her husband and filmmaker Tony Stone. Stone and Auf der Maur are the creative directors and owners of Basilica Hudson, an arts and performance center in Hudson, New York, United States. Auf der Maur has been regarded as one of alternative rock's most celebrated female musicians, with VH1 placing her at number 68 on its list of 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll and her solo albums receiving favorable acclaim. In addition to her contributions to Tinker, Hole and The Smashing Pumpkins, she has collaborated with a number of artists, including Indochine, Rufus Wainwright, Ric Ocasek and Neverending White Lights.