Kris Kross

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Kris Kross was a duo of the 1990s, consisting of James Christopher "Mac Daddy" Kelly and Christopher "Daddy Mac" Smith. The duo was best known for their 1992 hit "Jump", which was No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks and certified double platinum as a single. Kris Kross was also noted for their fashion style, which consisted of wearing their clothing backwards. Atlanta natives Kelly (August 11, 1978 – May 1, 2013) and Smith (born January 10, 1979) friendship began as little boys in first grade. The duo was discovered at an Atlanta shopping mall in 1991 by then 19-year-old Jermaine Dupri. Along with Dupri, they signed a deal with Ruffhouse Records and recorded their debut album Totally Krossed Out (1992). Entirely produced by Dupri, Totally Krossed Out was released March 31 that year and sold four million copies in the U.S. It included the hit single "Jump", which topped the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks, "becoming the first rap song to have achieved so long a run at the top. No other rap song had led the chart for that length of time." The music videos from the album also experienced major success. The video for "Jump", directed by filmmaker Rich Murray, went to No. 1 on MTV and sold over 100,000 copies as a VHS video single. The video for their follow-up single, "Warm It Up", also directed by Murray, won a Billboard video award for "Best New Artist", and got to No. 14 the same year as “Jump”. Writes The New York Daily News' Jim Farber: "Together, that was enough to propel the duo’s debut, 'Totally Krossed Out,' to multi-platinum status." The duo landed a spot on Michael Jackson's 1992 Dangerous World Tour, as well as a cameo appearance on Jackson's "Jam" music video (1991). Additionally, they made appearances in the music videos for Run-D.M.C.'s "Down with the King" (1993) and TLC's "Hat 2 Da Back" (1992), and they were featured in an episode of A Different World and as the closing musical act on the May 29, 1992 episode of In Living Color. A video game starring the pair, titled Kris Kross: Make My Video, was released in 1992 on the Sega CD system. It consisted of the player's editing together the group's music videos for a few of their hit songs—using portions of the original music videos, stock footage, and general video animation effects. Players were prompted before each editing session to make sure to have certain footage compiled into the video. The game was released only in the United States to poor sales figures and dismal reviews. It was ranked 18th on Electronic Gaming Monthly's list of the "20 Worst Games of All Time". Kris Kross made a cameo appearance in Ted Demme's film Who's the Man? (1993), which starred Ed Lover and Doctor Dré of Yo! MTV Raps fame. Their second album, Da Bomb (1993), was certified platinum and spawned the hits "Alright" featuring Super Cat, "I'm Real", and "Da Bomb" featuring Da Brat whom Smith discovered. Most of their songs had been directed at rivals Da Youngstas, Illegal, and Another Bad Creation. A third album, Young, Rich & Dangerous, was released in early 1996 and was certified gold. It spawned the two hits "Tonite's tha Night" and "Live and Die for Hip Hop". Judgement Records is a record label, started by Joe Nicolo in 1999 after Ruffhouse Records was dissolved. Kris Kross followed Nicolo to his new label and recorded their 21 tracked fourth album in 2000-2001. Kelly studied engineering, and founded C Connection Records. Smith studied marketing and business management and founded One Life Entertainment, Inc. Kris Kross' last performance was in their hometown at the Fox Theatre for So So Def's 20th Anniversary concert in 2013. Kris Kross was the youngest rap duo to gain success, with gold and platinum albums, at 11 and 12 years old. Kris Kross has been referenced on the albums or songs of Dr. Dre,2Pac, Method Man and many more. On May 1, 2013, Chris Kelly was found unresponsive in his Atlanta home. Kelly was pronounced dead around 5 p.m. on the south campus of the Atlanta Medical Center; he was 34 years old. The police report documents his mother's statement that "they had brought Kelly home to recover from his drug use and had done this several times in the past." His uncle told police that Kelly "had an extensive history of drug abuse." On May 2, 2013, Dupri tweeted a "letter to fans," in which he referred to Kelly as "a son I never had." He also praised Kelly as an artist. Numerous other artists and fans publicly acknowledged Kelly's death, some of them citing Kris Kross or Kelly as their inspiration (e.g., Ludacris) or as an entré into the music industry (e.g., Kandi Burruss). On July 1, 2013, a toxicology report was released stating that Kelly died from a drug overdose. According to the Fulton County Medical Examiner Office, the toxicology screening shows that Kelly had a mixture of drugs in his system, including cocaine and heroin.